6 common foot conditions and recommended solutions

Condition: Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis

Definition: Inflammation of fibrous tissue along bottom of foot

Causes: Over-pronation (flat feet), high arch feet, sudden increase in physical activity, excessive weight gain, flipflops

Symptoms: Heel pain, heel spurs, arch pain first thing in the morning or after a period of prolonged rest

Treatment & Prevention: Orthotics with arch support & rearfoot posting, footwear with proper cushioning and shock absorption, stretching, night splints

 Condition: Pregnancy and Feet

Pregnancy and Feet

Definition: Over-pronation, edema

Causes: Weight gain, hormonal changes, flattened arches

Symptoms: Pain at the heel, arch, ball-of-foot, leg cramping, varicose veins

Treatment & Prevention: Orthotics with arch support & rearfoot posting, wide width footwear that incorporates stretch fabrics




Condition: Bunions 

BunionsDefinition: A prominent bump on the inside of the foot around the big toe joint

Causes: Usually from wearing tight & narrow footwear with a constrictive toe box

Symptoms: Inflammation, swelling and soreness on the side surface of the big toe

Treatment & Prevention: Footwear with wide toe boxes, and stretch fabrics, orthotics, bunion shields, bunion night splints

Condition: Heel Pain Syndrome  

Heel PainDefinition: Extreme heel discomfort

Causes:Plantar Fasciitis or over-use repetitive stress

Symptoms: Pain underneath the heel or just behind it, where the tendon attaches to the heel bone

Treatment & Prevention: Heel cups or cradles, orthotics with arch support, shock absorption, cushioning, footwear with elevated heels

Condition: Metatarsalgia (Ball-of-Foot Pain) 

MetatarsalgiaDefinition: Inflammation or pain at the bones and joints at the ball-of-foot

Causes: Thinning out of the fat pad, improper fitting footwear such as shoes with narrow toe boxes, high heels, excessive pressure

Symptoms: Pain in the region of the foot before the toes

Treatment & Prevention: Orthotics with metatarsal pads, proper fitting footwear with high, wide toe boxes, shoes with rocker bottoms

Condition: Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles TendonitisDefinition: Inflammation & degeneration of the tendon in the back of the leg that inserts into the heel

Causes: Over-pronation, improper fitting footwear, inadequate stretching

Symptoms: Shooting, burning or extreme piercing pain

Treatment & Prevention: Thorough stretching program, decrease in physical activity, heel cups or cradles, orthotics